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The Naked Anthropologist · 'Sex Work is Not Sex Trafficking': An idea whose time has not come | The Naked Anthropologist

‘Sex Work is Not Sex Trafficking’: An idea whose time has not come

Sex-Work-Is-Not-Trafficking-300x292Anti-prostitution advocates routinely use absurd over-simplications to make their crusade crystal-clear easy to understand. Campaigning works better when arguments are black and white and slogans are catchy, obviously, so I realise why some sexworkers’ rights supporters are now using a slogan that also reduces complexity to two opposed states: Sex Work is Not (Sex) Trafficking (sometimes ‘sex’ is omitted). The purpose is to clarify the volition of sex workers who demand labour rights, but for those who struggle against the framing of undocumented migration and people-smuggling as ‘organised crime’, with the only two roles possible perpetrator and victim, the concept is morally bankrupt.

sanjoseCRSex Work is Not Sex Trafficking arose (first) from the common refusal by abolitionists to recognise that anyone sells sex voluntarily and (second) because they early on began fiddling any distinction between prostitution and trafficking. Claims like No woman would ever choose to prostitute herself and the cries of unhappy ex-victims that their experiences are true for everyone led naturally to an opposing insistence that many do opt to sell sex – some loving their jobs and others just preferring it to their other options.

thaiBut to say Sex Work is not Sex Trafficking is to reify the current trafficking narrative, accepting that it refers to something real and bad that must be fought against. The slogan tries to make a sexworker identity clear by distinguishing it from a trafficking-victim identity – the Free versus the Unfree. Saying Some of us are willing to sell sex draws attention to those who are not willing - a distancing mechanism characteristic of identity politics. To maintain I don’t need your help or pity means you accept that other people do need it – those who are really trafficked.

This is to accept the repressive policing, infantilisation of women, colonialism, anti-immigration policy and a range of Rescue Industry offerings: just not for real sex workers. It says You win to anti-trafficking campaigners, even if you don’t mean it to. It throws under the bus all migrants, documented or not, who don’t much like selling sex and don’t call themselves sex workers but don’t want to be saved or deported. It Others the many who have limited control over their lives, feel pressure to earn money however they can or want to get the hell out and go somewhere else and will do whatever it takes to get there. This includes teenagers who leave homes they hate and end up on the street or avoiding the street by trading sex for a place to live.

nocturnoThe entire range of complexity and diversity nowadays thrown into the term trafficked is denied. Years of attempts to bring justice and nuance to a bad criminal framework are ignored. The myriad different ways to feel forced, obliged or coerced into leaving home or having sex for money or giving some of your money to someone else are disappeared. And yes, I understand that Rescue-Industry victimisation makes folks feel anxious to provide something graspable to wider audiences. But the catch-phrase Sex Work is Not Sex Trafficking only contributes to the reductionism pushed by anti-prostitution and anti-trafficking campaigners.

It’s deplorable. Avoid it.

–Laura Agustín, the Naked Anthropologist



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  1. How about Sex Workers Against Trafficking? This gives the delightful acronym SWAT. So sex worker activists could descend on committee meetings, public talks and presentations, as SWAT teams (dressed presumably in colorful outfits) and burst in promoting common sense, intelligent approaches to all areas of trafficking and demanding labor rights for all informal sectors, not just sex work.

    Worth a thought?


  2. ‘Sex Workers Against Trafficking’ has been used, without the acronym and without being invited to meetings. Sex workers have often argued their expertise should be utlised by law-enforcement. Not quite the same as the title concept, though.


  3. Yeah, thats what happens here in Spain also. “Pro-rights” associations claim that trafficking must be fought, thus endorsing repressive anti-immigrant policies. Instead they should point that the traffick stories are a myth which objetive is to fight all prostitution, in fact for abolitionsts ALL migrant prostitutes are trafficked (and this is not a simplification, is what they say FOR REAL!). When prostitution and sex trafficking are employed as synonims is bcause they are, in the mind of abolitionists.

    The real problems immigrants prostitutes face do not come for beign forced to work in prostitution, commercial sexual slavery is absolutely anecdotic -if exist- in our societies. But they are subjected to several forms of violence, abuses, extortions and other kinds of coertion by those authorities who claim to beign “helping” them.

    Oh, Laura, I’d like anyone to speak so clearly about prostitution as u do in my country. But sadly there is nobody. All media and institutions are abolitionists, and the few activists and academics that are not barely are allowed to talk and they also haven’t any intention to work together or create any organization.


    1. I spent many years in Spain and from 2000 to 2006, maybe, did a lot of writing and public speaking. Being an ngo means needing funding, and being in the business of helping victims puts one in touch with – victims. One has to be outside institutions, perhaps, to say what I do.


    2. Great post Laura, totally agree


    3. Thanks for that, Elena. I’m going to tag you on the facebook conversation about this (in case you ever go there) as there are conflicting opinions, as I expected.



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